FAA - Medical Standards



Pilot Type

Airline Transport Pilot

Commercial Pilot

Private Pilot
DISTANT VISION 20/20 or better in each eye separately, with or
without correction.
20/40 or better in each eye separately, with or without correction.
NEAR VISION 20/40 or better in each eye separately (Snellen equivalent), with or without correction, as measured at 16 inches.
20/40 or better in each eye separately (Snellen equivalent), with or without correction at age 50 and over, as measured at 32 inches. No requirement.
COLOR VISION Ability to perceive those colors necessary for safe performance of airman duties.
HEARING Demonstrate hearing of an average conversational voice in a quiet room, using both ears at 6 feet, with the back turned to the examiner or pass one of the audiometric tests below.
AUDIOLOGY Audiometric speech discrimination test: Score at least 70% reception in one ear.
Pure tone audiometric test. Unaided, with thresholds no worse than:
500 Hz
1,000 Hz
2,000 Hz
3,000 Hz
Better Ear
35 Db
30 dB
30 dB
40 dB
Worst Ear
35 dB
50 dB
50 dB
60 dB
ENT No ear disease or condition manifested by, or that may reasonably be expected to maintained by, vertigo or a disturbance of speech or equilibrium.
PULSE Not disqualifying per se. Used to determine cardiac system status and responsiveness.
BLOOD PRESSURE No specified values stated in the standards. The current guideline maximum value is 155/95.
At age 35 and
annually after age 40
Not routinely required.
MENTAL No diagnosis of psychosis, or bipolar disorder, or severe personality disorders.
A diagnosis or medical history of "substance dependence" is disqualifying unless there is established clinical evidence, satisfactory to the Federal Air Surgeon, of recovery, including sustained total abstinence from the substance(s) for not less than the preceding 2 years. A history of "substance abuse" within the preceding 2 years is disqualifying. "Substance" includes alcohol and other drugs (i.e., PCP, sedatives and hynoptics, anxiolytics, marijuana, cocaine, opioids, amphetamines, hallucinogens, and other psychoactive drugs or chemicals).
Examiner must disqualify if the applicant has a history of: (1) Diabetes mellitus requiring hypoglycemic medication; (2) Angina pectoris;
(3) Coronary heart disease that has been treated or, if untreated, that has been symptomatic or clinically significant; (4) Myocardial infarction;
(5) Cardiac valve replacement; (6) Permanent cardiac pacemaker;
(7) Heart replacement; (8) Psychosis; (9) Bipolar disorder (10) Personality Disorder; (11) Substance dependence; (12) Substance abuse;
(13) Epilepsy; (14) Disturbance of consciousness and without satisfactory explanation of cause, and (15) Transient loss of control of nervous system function(s) without satisfactory explanation of cause.